Privacy Policy

Last modified on 02/25/2018

LawCarta ("the Company") respects your privacy and is committed to protecting it through compliance with this policy.


This policy describes the types of information that we may collect from you or that you may provide while visiting the website (the "Website") and our practices regarding collecting, using, maintaining, protecting, and disclosing such information. Use of the Website is governed by the Terms of Use (located at which incorporate this Privacy Policy by reference. Acceptance of the Terms of Use also constitutes acceptance of this Privacy Policy, as expressly provided in the Terms of Use.


This policy applies to the information we collect:

  • On this Website.
  • In e-mail, text, and other electronic correspondence between you and this Website, Company, or other users of the Website or Company’s Products regarding the Website or Company’s Products

It does not apply to the following:

  • Information the Company collects offline or through any other means not enumerated above, including information collected on any other website operated by the Company or any third party; or
  • Information collected by any third party, including any application or content (including advertising) that may link to or be accessible from the Website.

Please read this policy carefully to understand our policies and practices regarding your information and our treatment of it. If you do not agree with our policies and practices, please do not access or use our Website or communicate with Company or Website users. By accessing or using this Website or communicating with Company or its users, you agree to this Privacy Policy and the Website’s Terms of Use. This policy may change from time to time and your continued use of the Website after changes are made is deemed to be acceptance of such changes, so please check the policy periodically for updates. Some privacy settings may, either now or in the future, at the Company’s discretion and subject to policy change at any time, be adjusted in your account settings if you are a registered user.

Privacy of Children

Our Website is not intended for children, nor is it marketed towards children. No one under the age of 13 may provide any personal information to or on the Website. We do not knowingly collect personal information from children under 13. If you are under 13, do not register on the Website, make any purchases through the Website, use any of the interactive or public comment features of this Website, or provide any information about yourself to us, including your name, address, telephone number, e-mail address, or any screen name or user name. If we learn we have collected or received personal information from a child under 13 without verification of parental consent, we will delete that information. If you believe we might have any information from or about a child under 13, please contact us by following the “Contact Us” link found at the bottom of this page.


Non-member activity

It is not necessary to become a registered member to enjoy some of the content on LawCarta, although without membership your viewing options and community participation may be limited.

Classes of Users

As described in the Terms of Use, you can use the Website as an Author (Authors write books used on the Website and may also fall under the designation of Professors if their use of the Website goes beyond interacting with materials of their own authorship and monitoring other parties’ usage thereof), a Professor (Professors use books, adapt them for their own course’s purposes, modify, and annotate), a Student (Students purchase books, cannot change them but can add annotations), or a non-Member (somebody who has not signed up as a Member). As a result of such differences in user status, there are the following differences in how the Privacy Policy applies to each class of users. Note that some Members may fit into more than one class of users.

Privacy of User Contributions

Even if designated as private, all User Contributions (defined below) are visible to and may be used by the Company for any purpose whatsoever, provided, however, that any User Contribution designated as private shall not be publicly disclosed by the Company unless subjec to an order by a court or the information in such User Contribution becomes public through no fault of the Company.

Availability of annotations to materials on the Website:

For all classes of users, the default is that annotations will be private, unless designated as public Annotations may appear publicly under the user’s real name.

  • If an Author makes public annotations to the material on the Website, subject to the Terms of Use, such annotations will be available to all classes of users (Professors, Students, Authors).
  • If a Professor makes annotations to the material on the Website, subject to the Terms of Use, such annotations will be available, based on the Professor’s preference to (1) all classes of users (i.e., will be made public), (2) only Professor’s own class of Students, or (3) only that particular Professor (i.e., will be made private).
  • If a Professor makes annotations to the material on the Website, subject to the Terms of Use, such annotations will be available, based on the Professor’s preference to (1) all classes of users (i.e., will be made public), (2) only Professor’s own class of Students, or (3) only that particular Professor (i.e., will be made private).

Availability of original content and modifications to materials on the Website:

All original content and modifications provided by Authors and Professors, including any edits of cases, may be made be available to all Authors and Professors. Authors, Professors, and Students cannot modify materials on the Website unless given authorization, subject to the Terms of Use. Any other User Contributions are subject to the same privacy options as annotations unless stated otherwise herein.

Availability of information regarding revenue from the materials on the Website:

  • Authors’ and Professors’ revenue made from the materials on the Website, if any, will be available only to Professors, Authors, and the Company. Note that certain materials are offered at no charge or at the Company’s out-of-pocket cost because of licensing, contractual, or other restrictions, and may generate no revenue for Company, Authors, and Professors.

Availability of information regarding usage patterns of particular materials on the Website:

  • Authors can view which Professors used or adapted their books and, in some cases, the individual students who purchased the book.
  • Professors can view the names of their Students.

If not otherwise expressly indicated otherwise, all provisions of this Privacy Policy apply to all Classes of Users.

Information We Collect About You and How We Collect It

We collect several types of information from and about users of our Website, including information:

  • By which you may be personally identified, such as name, postal address, e-mail address, telephone number, occupation, affiliation with an educational institution, or any other identifier associated with you online or offline ("the personal information");
  • That is about you but does not identify you individually, including but not limited to (1) information related to your use of the Website, such as your page views and Website usage data; and (2) information about your computer and Internet connection, such as your browser type, the equipment you use to access our Website, and IP address.

We collect this information:

  • Directly from you when you provide it to us.
  • Automatically as you navigate through the site. Information collected automatically may include usage details, IP addresses, and information collected through cookies.

Information You Provide to Us

We do not collect your personally identifiable information unless you provide it to us. The information we collect on or through our Website may include the following, sll of which you are considered to voluntarily provide when you engage in activities that require provision of such information:

  • Information that you provide by completing the forms on our Website. This includes information provided at the time of registering to use our Website or posting material. We may also ask you for information when you report a problem with our Website.
  • When ordering products or services on the Website, you may be asked to provide a credit card number.
  • Records and copies of your correspondence (including e-mail addresses) if you contact us.
  • Your search queries on the Website.

You also may provide information to be published or displayed (hereinafter, "posted") on public areas of the Website, or transmitted to other users of the Website or third parties (collectively, "User Contributions"). Your User Contributions are posted and transmitted to others at your own risk. We cannot control the actions of other users of the Website with whom you may choose to share your User Contributions. Therefore, we cannot and do not guarantee that your User Contributions will not be viewed by unauthorized persons. If you do not want your User Contributions to be viewed by third parties, you are advised not to make any submissions.

Depending upon the activity, some of the information we ask you to provide is identified as mandatory and some as voluntary. If you do not provide the mandatory data with respect to a particular activity, you will not be able to engage in that activity.

Information We Collect Through Automatic Data Collection Technologies.

As you navigate through and interact with our Website, we may use automatic data collection technologies (such as Google Analytics) to collect certain information about your equipment, browsing actions and patterns, including but not limited to:

  • Details of your visits to our Website, including location data, date/time stamp, logs, clickstream data, other communication data, referring/exit pages, and any resources that you access and use on the Website.
  • Information about your computer and Internet connection, including your Internet Protocol (IP) address, the zip code associated with your server, your operating system, Internet Service Provider (ISP), and browser type.

The information we collect automatically is largely statistical data and may include personal information but does not by itself identify a specific individual. This information is compiled and analyzed on both a personal and an aggregated basis. It helps us improve our Website and deliver a better and more personalized service, including by enabling us to:

  • Estimate our audience size and usage patterns.
  • Store information about your preferences, allowing us to customize our Website according to your individual interests.
  • Speed up your searches.
  • Recognize you when you return to our Website.

The technologies we use for this automatic data collection may include but are not limited to:

  • Cookies. A cookie is a small file placed on the hard drive of your computer. If you prefer, you can set your browser to either notify you when you receive a cookie or to refuse to accept cookies. You should understand that some features of the Website may not function properly if you do not accept cookies. As is standard practice on many websites, unless you have adjusted your browser settings to refuse cookies, our system will issue cookies when you direct your browser to our Website.
  • Flash Cookies. Certain features of our Website may use local stored objects (or Flash cookies) to collect and store information about your preferences and navigation to, from, and on our Website. Flash cookies are not managed by the same browser settings as browser cookies.

We do not collect personal information automatically, but we may tie automatically collected information to your personal information that we collect through other sources or that you provide to us.

How We Use Your Information

We use information that we collect about you or that you provide to us, including any personal information:

  • To present our Website and its contents to you.
  • To provide you with information, products, or services that you request from us.
  • To fulfill any other purpose for which you provide the information.
  • To carry out our obligations and enforce our rights arising from any contracts entered into between you and us, including for billing and collection.
  • To notify you about changes to our Website or any products or services we offer or provide though it.
  • To allow you to participate in interactive features on our Website.
  • For any other purpose we may specify when you provide the information.
  • For any other purpose with your consent.

How We Protect Your Information

The Company uses a combination of industry standard security measures to safeguard your personal information against theft and misuse.

Our Website uses Secure Sockets Layer (SSL encryption) on all web pages where personal information is required and in order to make credit card purchases you need to use an SSL-enabled browser to protect confidentiality of your personal and credit card information.

While we make every effort to protect your information, nothing in this privacy policy shall be interpreted as a guarantee or representation that our security measures will prevent unauthorized third parties from obtaining your personal information. It is your responsibility to take precautions to protect your personal data on the Internet. Create a unique password that you do not use on other websites and that is a combination of numbers and letters, and make sure to use a secure web browser.

Disclosure of Your Information

We may disclose aggregated information about our users and information that does not identify any individual without restriction.

We may disclose personal information that we collect or that you provide as described in this privacy policy:

  • To our subsidiaries and affiliates. Information shared with such subsidiaries and affiliates will be handled and protected in a manner consistent with this policy.
  • To fulfill the purpose for which you provide it. For example, if you give us an e-mail address to use the "e-mail a friend" feature of our Website, we will transmit the contents of that e-mail and your e-mail address to the recipients.
  • For any other purpose disclosed by us when you provide the information.
  • For any other purpose with your consent.

We may sell or rent your personal information to third party marketers, but you may opt-out of such sale or rental by sending an e-mail to the Company through the “Contact Us” link at the bottom of the page to request such.

We may also disclose your personal information:

  • To comply with any court order, law or legal process, including response to any government or regulatory request.
  • To enforce or apply our Terms of Use.
  • If we believe disclosure is necessary or appropriate to protect the rights, property, or safety of the Company, our customers, or others.

Accessing and Correcting Your Information

You can review and change your personal information by logging into the Website and visiting your account profile page.

You may also send us an e-mail through the “Contact Us” link at the bottom of the page to request access to, correct, or delete any personal information that you have provided to us. We may not accommodate a request to change information if we believe the change would violate any law or legal requirement or cause the information to be incorrect.

If you delete your User Contributions from the Website, copies of your User Contributions may remain viewable in cached and archived pages, and may have been copied or stored by other Website users. Proper access and use of information provided on the Website, including User Contributions, is governed by our Terms of Use.

Links to Other Companies' Websites

Our Website may contain links to other companies’ websites. We are not responsible for their privacy practices. We encourage you to learn about their privacy practices.

Your California Privacy Rights

California Civil Code Section § 1798.83 permits users of our Website who are California residents to request, once a year, certain information regarding our disclosure of personal information to third parties for their direct marketing purposes during the previous calendar year. To make such a request, please contact us using the “Contact Us” link provided at the bottom of this page and please include “California Privacy Request” in the subject line, along with your name, address and email address in the body of the message.

Notice of Compliance to California Residents

California law requires that we provide you with a summary of your privacy rights under the California Online Privacy Protection Act (“California Act”) and the California Business and Professions Code. As required by the California Act, this privacy policy identifies the categories of personally identifiable information that we collect through our web site about individual consumers who use or visit our web site and the categories of third-party persons or entities with whom such personally identifiable information may be shared.

See Section “Accessing and Correcting Your Information” for the description of the process through which an individual consumer who visits the Website can review and request changes to any of his or her personally identifiable information collected through this Website. See Section “Changes to Our Privacy Policy” for a description of the process by which the Company notifies consumers who visit the Website of material changes to the Privacy Policy. The effective date of this privacy policy is also included in that section.

Effective Date; Changes to Our Privacy Policy

The terms and conditions in this privacy policy come into effect immediately upon being posted on the Website. The date the privacy policy was last revised is identified at the top of the page and is the effective date for the current version of this privacy policy.

We will post any changes we make to our privacy policy on this page. If we change the policy in a material way, a notice will be given by means including but not limited to: (1) posting the revised policy on this page, (2) a notice on the Website’s home page, or (3) an e-mail message sent to the e-mail addresses listed by registered users of the Website. You are responsible (1) for ensuring we have an up-to-date, active, and deliverable e-mail address on file for you, and (2) for periodically visiting our Website and this privacy policy to check for any changes. Your continued use of the Website after such changes are made will constitute your acknowledgment of the modified policy and your agreement to abide and be bound by it.

Contact Information

To ask questions or comment about this privacy policy and our privacy practices, contact us using the “Contact Us” link provided at the bottom of the page.