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United States Patent Law

Table of contents
Chapter One. UNITED STATES PATENT AND TRADEMARK OFFICE
1.1 - ESTABLISHMENT, OFFICERS AND EMPLOYEES, FUNCTIONS
1.1.1 - Establishment
1.1.2 - Powers and duties
1.1.3 - Officers and employees
1.1.4 - Restrictions on officers and employees as to interest in patents
1.1.5 - Patent and Trademark Office Public Advisory Committees
1.1.6 - Patent Trial and Appeal Board
1.1.7 - Library
1.1.8 - Classification of patents
1.1.9 - Certified copies of records
1.1.10 - Publications
1.1.11 - Exchange of copies of patents and applications with foreign countries
1.1.12 - Copies of patents and applications for public libraries
1.1.13 - Annual report to Congress
1.1.14 - Renumbered §13
1.2 - PROCEEDINGS IN THE PATENT AND TRADEMARK OFFICE
1.2.1 - Filing date and day for taking action
1.2.2 - Printing of papers filed
1.2.3 - Testimony in Patent and Trademark Office cases
1.2.4 - Subpoenas, witnesses
1.2.5 - Declaration in lieu of oath
1.2.6 - Effect of defective execution
1.2.7 - Revival of applications; reinstatement of reexamination proceedings
1.3 - PRACTICE BEFORE PATENT AND TRADEMARK OFFICE
1.3.1 - Repealed. Pub. L. 106–113, div. B, §1000(a)(9) [title IV, §4715(b)], Nov. 29, 1999, 113 Stat. 1536, 1501A–580
1.3.2 - Suspension or exclusion from practice
1.3.3 - Unauthorized representation as practitioner
1.4 - PATENT FEES; FUNDING; SEARCH SYSTEMS
1.4.1 - Patent fees; patent and trademark search systems
1.4.2 - Patent and Trademark Office funding
Chapter Two. PATENTABILITY OF INVENTIONS AND GRANT OF PATENTS
2.1 - PATENTABILITY OF INVENTIONS
2.1.1 - Definitions
2.1.2 - Inventions patentable
2.1.3 - Conditions for patentability; novelty
2.1.4 - Conditions for patentability; non-obvious subject matter
2.1.5 - Repealed. Pub. L. 112–29, §3(d), Sept. 16, 2011, 125 Stat. 287
2.1.6 - Inventions in outer space
2.2 - APPLICATION FOR PATENT
2.2.1 - Application
2.2.2 - Specification
2.2.3 - Drawings
2.2.4 - Models, specimens
2.2.5 - Inventor's oath or declaration
2.2.6 - Inventors
2.2.7 - Death or incapacity of inventor
2.2.8 - Filing by other than inventor
2.2.9 - Benefit of earlier filing date; right of priority
2.2.10 - Benefit of earlier filing date in the United States
2.2.11 - Divisional applications
2.2.12 - Confidential status of applications; publication of patent applications
2.2.13 - Micro entity defined
2.3 - EXAMINATION OF APPLICATION
2.3.1 - Examination of application
2.3.2 - Notice of rejection; reexamination
2.3.3 - Time for prosecuting application
2.3.4 - Appeal to the Patent Trial and Appeal Board
2.3.5 - Derivation proceedings
2.4 - REVIEW OF PATENT AND TRADEMARK OFFICE DECISIONS
2.4.1 - Appeal to Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit
2.4.2 - Notice of appeal
2.4.3 - Proceedings on appeal
2.4.4 - Decision on appeal
2.4.5 - Civil action to obtain patent
2.4.6 - Civil action in case of derivation proceeding
2.5 - ISSUE OF PATENT
2.5.1 - Issue of patent
2.5.2 - Issue of patent to assignee
2.5.3 - How issued
2.5.4 - Contents and term of patent; provisional rights
2.5.5 - Repealed. Pub. L. 112–29, §20(k), Sept. 16, 2011, 125 Stat. 335
2.5.6 - Extension of patent term
2.5.7 - Repealed. Pub. L. 112–29, §3(e)(1), Sept. 16, 2011, 125 Stat. 287
2.6 - PLANT PATENTS
2.6.1 - Patents for plants
2.6.2 - Description, claim
2.6.3 - Grant
2.6.4 - Assistance of Department of Agriculture
2.7 - DESIGNS
2.7.1 - Patents for designs
2.7.2 - Right of priority
2.7.3 - Term of design patent
2.8 - SECRECY OF CERTAIN INVENTIONS AND FILING APPLICATIONS IN FOREIGN COUNTRY
2.8.1 - Secrecy of certain inventions and withholding of patent
2.8.2 - Abandonment of invention for unauthorized disclosure
2.8.3 - Right to compensation
2.8.4 - Filing of application in foreign country
2.8.5 - Patent barred for filing without license
2.8.6 - Penalty
2.8.7 - Nonapplicability to certain persons
2.8.8 - Rules and regulations, delegation of power
2.9 - PATENT RIGHTS IN INVENTIONS MADE WITH FEDERAL ASSISTANCE
2.9.1 - Policy and objective
2.9.2 - Definitions
2.9.3 - Disposition of rights
2.9.4 - March-in rights
2.9.5 - Preference for United States industry
2.9.6 - Confidentiality
2.9.7 - Uniform clauses and regulations
2.9.8 - Domestic and foreign protection of federally owned inventions
2.9.9 - Regulations governing Federal licensing
2.9.10 - Licensing federally owned inventions
2.9.11 - Precedence of chapter
2.9.12 - Relationship to antitrust laws
2.9.13 - Disposition of rights in educational awards
Chapter Three. PATENTS AND PROTECTION OF PATENT RIGHTS
3.1 - AMENDMENT AND CORRECTION OF PATENTS
3.1.1 - Reissue of defective patents
3.1.2 - Effect of reissue
3.1.3 - Disclaimer
3.1.4 - Certificate of correction of Patent and Trademark Office mistake
3.1.5 - Certificate of correction of applicant's mistake
3.1.6 - Correction of named inventor
3.1.7 - Supplemental examinations to consider, reconsider, or correct information
3.2 - OWNERSHIP AND ASSIGNMENT
3.2.1 - Ownership; assignment
3.2.2 - Joint owners
3.3 - GOVERNMENT INTERESTS IN PATENTS
3.3.1 - Repealed. Pub. L. 89–83, §8, July 24, 1965, 79 Stat. 261
3.3.2 - Time for taking action in Government applications
3.4 - INFRINGEMENT OF PATENTS
3.4.1 - Infringement of patent
3.4.2 - Temporary presence in the United States
3.4.3 - Defense to infringement based on prior commercial use
3.5 - REMEDIES FOR INFRINGEMENT OF PATENT, AND OTHER ACTIONS
3.5.1 - Remedy for infringement of patent
3.5.2 - Presumption of validity; defenses
3.5.3 - Injunction
3.5.4 - Damages
3.5.5 - Attorney fees
3.5.6 - Time limitation on damages
3.5.7 - Limitation on damages and other remedies; marking and notice
3.5.8 - Action for infringement of a patent containing an invalid claim
3.5.9 - Additional remedy for infringement of design patent
3.5.10 - Notice of patent suits
3.5.11 - Derived patents
3.5.12 - False marking
3.5.13 - Nonresident patentee; service and notice
3.5.14 - Voluntary arbitration
3.5.15 - Presumption: Product made by patented process
3.5.16 - Liability of States, instrumentalities of States, and State officials for infringement of patents
3.5.17 - Improper and deceptive invention promotion
3.5.18 - Advice of counsel
3.5.19 - Joinder of parties
3.6 - PRIOR ART CITATIONS TO OFFICE AND EX PARTE REEXAMINATION OF PATENTS
3.6.1 - Citation of prior art and written statements
3.6.2 - Request for reexamination
3.6.3 - Determination of issue by Director
3.6.4 - Reexamination order by Director
3.6.5 - Conduct of reexamination proceedings
3.6.6 - Appeal
3.6.7 - Certificate of patentability, unpatentability, and claim cancellation
3.7 - INTER PARTES REVIEW
3.7.1 - Inter partes review
3.7.2 - Petitions
3.7.3 - Preliminary response to petition
3.7.4 - Institution of inter partes review
3.7.5 - Relation to other proceedings or actions
3.7.6 - Conduct of inter partes review
3.7.7 - Settlement
3.7.8 - Decision of the Board
3.7.9 - Appeal
3.8 - POST-GRANT REVIEW
3.8.1 - Post-grant review
3.8.2 - Petitions
3.8.3 - Preliminary response to petition
3.8.4 - Institution of post-grant review
3.8.5 - Relation to other proceedings or actions
3.8.6 - Conduct of post-grant review
3.8.7 - Settlement
3.8.8 - Decision of the Board
3.8.9 - Appeal
Chapter Four. PATENT COOPERATION TREATY
4.1 - DEFINITIONS
4.1.1 - Definitions
4.2 - INTERNATIONAL STAGE
4.2.1 - Receiving Office
4.2.2 - International Searching Authority and International Preliminary Examining Authority
4.2.3 - International application designating the United States: Effect
4.2.4 - International stage: Procedure
4.2.5 - Right of priority; benefit of the filing date of a prior application
4.2.6 - Withdrawn international application
4.2.7 - Actions of other authorities: Review
4.2.8 - Secrecy of certain inventions; filing international applications in foreign countries
4.3 - NATIONAL STAGE
4.3.1 - National stage: Commencement
4.3.2 - National stage: Requirements and procedure
4.3.3 - Repealed. Pub. L. 112–274, §1(i), Jan. 14, 2013, 126 Stat. 2457
4.3.4 - Publication of international application
4.3.5 - Patent issued on international application: Effect
4.3.6 - Fees
Chapter Five. THE HAGUE AGREEMENT CONCERNING INTERNATIONAL REGISTRATION OF INDUSTRIAL DESIGNS
5.1 - INTERNATIONAL DESIGN APPLICATIONS
5.1.1 - Definitions
5.1.2 - Filing international design applications
5.1.3 - International design application
5.1.4 - Filing date
5.1.5 - Effect of international design application
5.1.6 - Right of priority
5.1.7 - Relief from prescribed time limits
5.1.8 - Withdrawn or abandoned international design application
5.1.9 - Examination of international design application
5.1.10 - Publication of international design application
United States Patent Law
1st Edition
eLangdell Press
© 2018 CALI eLangdell Press, www.cali.org. Subject to an Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike CC BY-NC-SA
Table Of Contents
  • Introduction - TITLE 35—PATENTS
  • Chapter One - UNITED STATES PATENT AND TRADEMARK OFFICE
    • 1.1 - ESTABLISHMENT, OFFICERS AND EMPLOYEES, FUNCTIONS
      • 1.1.1 - Establishment
      • 1.1.2 - Powers and duties
      • 1.1.3 - Officers and employees
      • 1.1.4 - Restrictions on officers and employees as to interest in patents
      • 1.1.5 - Patent and Trademark Office Public Advisory Committees
      • 1.1.6 - Patent Trial and Appeal Board
      • 1.1.7 - Library
      • 1.1.8 - Classification of patents
      • 1.1.9 - Certified copies of records
      • 1.1.10 - Publications
      • 1.1.11 - Exchange of copies of patents and applications with foreign countries
      • 1.1.12 - Copies of patents and applications for public libraries
      • 1.1.13 - Annual report to Congress
      • 1.1.14 - Renumbered §13
    • 1.2 - PROCEEDINGS IN THE PATENT AND TRADEMARK OFFICE
      • 1.2.1 - Filing date and day for taking action
      • 1.2.2 - Printing of papers filed
      • 1.2.3 - Testimony in Patent and Trademark Office cases
      • 1.2.4 - Subpoenas, witnesses
      • 1.2.5 - Declaration in lieu of oath
      • 1.2.6 - Effect of defective execution
      • 1.2.7 - Revival of applications; reinstatement of reexamination proceedings
    • 1.3 - PRACTICE BEFORE PATENT AND TRADEMARK OFFICE
      • 1.3.1 - Repealed. Pub. L. 106–113, div. B, §1000(a)(9) [title IV, §4715(b)], Nov. 29, 1999, 113 Stat. 1536, 1501A–580
      • 1.3.2 - Suspension or exclusion from practice
      • 1.3.3 - Unauthorized representation as practitioner
    • 1.4 - PATENT FEES; FUNDING; SEARCH SYSTEMS
      • 1.4.1 - Patent fees; patent and trademark search systems
      • 1.4.2 - Patent and Trademark Office funding
  • Chapter Two - PATENTABILITY OF INVENTIONS AND GRANT OF PATENTS
    • 2.1 - PATENTABILITY OF INVENTIONS
      • 2.1.1 - Definitions
      • 2.1.2 - Inventions patentable
      • 2.1.3 - Conditions for patentability; novelty
      • 2.1.4 - Conditions for patentability; non-obvious subject matter
      • 2.1.5 - Repealed. Pub. L. 112–29, §3(d), Sept. 16, 2011, 125 Stat. 287
      • 2.1.6 - Inventions in outer space
    • 2.2 - APPLICATION FOR PATENT
      • 2.2.1 - Application
      • 2.2.2 - Specification
      • 2.2.3 - Drawings
      • 2.2.4 - Models, specimens
      • 2.2.5 - Inventor's oath or declaration
      • 2.2.6 - Inventors
      • 2.2.7 - Death or incapacity of inventor
      • 2.2.8 - Filing by other than inventor
      • 2.2.9 - Benefit of earlier filing date; right of priority
      • 2.2.10 - Benefit of earlier filing date in the United States
      • 2.2.11 - Divisional applications
      • 2.2.12 - Confidential status of applications; publication of patent applications
      • 2.2.13 - Micro entity defined
    • 2.3 - EXAMINATION OF APPLICATION
      • 2.3.1 - Examination of application
      • 2.3.2 - Notice of rejection; reexamination
      • 2.3.3 - Time for prosecuting application
      • 2.3.4 - Appeal to the Patent Trial and Appeal Board
      • 2.3.5 - Derivation proceedings
    • 2.4 - REVIEW OF PATENT AND TRADEMARK OFFICE DECISIONS
      • 2.4.1 - Appeal to Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit
      • 2.4.2 - Notice of appeal
      • 2.4.3 - Proceedings on appeal
      • 2.4.4 - Decision on appeal
      • 2.4.5 - Civil action to obtain patent
      • 2.4.6 - Civil action in case of derivation proceeding
    • 2.5 - ISSUE OF PATENT
      • 2.5.1 - Issue of patent
      • 2.5.2 - Issue of patent to assignee
      • 2.5.3 - How issued
      • 2.5.4 - Contents and term of patent; provisional rights
      • 2.5.5 - Repealed. Pub. L. 112–29, §20(k), Sept. 16, 2011, 125 Stat. 335
      • 2.5.6 - Extension of patent term
      • 2.5.7 - Repealed. Pub. L. 112–29, §3(e)(1), Sept. 16, 2011, 125 Stat. 287
    • 2.6 - PLANT PATENTS
      • 2.6.1 - Patents for plants
      • 2.6.2 - Description, claim
      • 2.6.3 - Grant
      • 2.6.4 - Assistance of Department of Agriculture
    • 2.7 - DESIGNS
      • 2.7.1 - Patents for designs
      • 2.7.2 - Right of priority
      • 2.7.3 - Term of design patent
    • 2.8 - SECRECY OF CERTAIN INVENTIONS AND FILING APPLICATIONS IN FOREIGN COUNTRY
      • 2.8.1 - Secrecy of certain inventions and withholding of patent
      • 2.8.2 - Abandonment of invention for unauthorized disclosure
      • 2.8.3 - Right to compensation
      • 2.8.4 - Filing of application in foreign country
      • 2.8.5 - Patent barred for filing without license
      • 2.8.6 - Penalty
      • 2.8.7 - Nonapplicability to certain persons
      • 2.8.8 - Rules and regulations, delegation of power
    • 2.9 - PATENT RIGHTS IN INVENTIONS MADE WITH FEDERAL ASSISTANCE
      • 2.9.1 - Policy and objective
      • 2.9.2 - Definitions
      • 2.9.3 - Disposition of rights
      • 2.9.4 - March-in rights
      • 2.9.5 - Preference for United States industry
      • 2.9.6 - Confidentiality
      • 2.9.7 - Uniform clauses and regulations
      • 2.9.8 - Domestic and foreign protection of federally owned inventions
      • 2.9.9 - Regulations governing Federal licensing
      • 2.9.10 - Licensing federally owned inventions
      • 2.9.11 - Precedence of chapter
      • 2.9.12 - Relationship to antitrust laws
      • 2.9.13 - Disposition of rights in educational awards
  • Chapter Three - PATENTS AND PROTECTION OF PATENT RIGHTS
    • 3.1 - AMENDMENT AND CORRECTION OF PATENTS
      • 3.1.1 - Reissue of defective patents
      • 3.1.2 - Effect of reissue
      • 3.1.3 - Disclaimer
      • 3.1.4 - Certificate of correction of Patent and Trademark Office mistake
      • 3.1.5 - Certificate of correction of applicant's mistake
      • 3.1.6 - Correction of named inventor
      • 3.1.7 - Supplemental examinations to consider, reconsider, or correct information
    • 3.2 - OWNERSHIP AND ASSIGNMENT
      • 3.2.1 - Ownership; assignment
      • 3.2.2 - Joint owners
    • 3.3 - GOVERNMENT INTERESTS IN PATENTS
      • 3.3.1 - Repealed. Pub. L. 89–83, §8, July 24, 1965, 79 Stat. 261
      • 3.3.2 - Time for taking action in Government applications
    • 3.4 - INFRINGEMENT OF PATENTS
      • 3.4.1 - Infringement of patent
      • 3.4.2 - Temporary presence in the United States
      • 3.4.3 - Defense to infringement based on prior commercial use
    • 3.5 - REMEDIES FOR INFRINGEMENT OF PATENT, AND OTHER ACTIONS
      • 3.5.1 - Remedy for infringement of patent
      • 3.5.2 - Presumption of validity; defenses
      • 3.5.3 - Injunction
      • 3.5.4 - Damages
      • 3.5.5 - Attorney fees
      • 3.5.6 - Time limitation on damages
      • 3.5.7 - Limitation on damages and other remedies; marking and notice
      • 3.5.8 - Action for infringement of a patent containing an invalid claim
      • 3.5.9 - Additional remedy for infringement of design patent
      • 3.5.10 - Notice of patent suits
      • 3.5.11 - Derived patents
      • 3.5.12 - False marking
      • 3.5.13 - Nonresident patentee; service and notice
      • 3.5.14 - Voluntary arbitration
      • 3.5.15 - Presumption: Product made by patented process
      • 3.5.16 - Liability of States, instrumentalities of States, and State officials for infringement of patents
      • 3.5.17 - Improper and deceptive invention promotion
      • 3.5.18 - Advice of counsel
      • 3.5.19 - Joinder of parties
    • 3.6 - PRIOR ART CITATIONS TO OFFICE AND EX PARTE REEXAMINATION OF PATENTS
      • 3.6.1 - Citation of prior art and written statements
      • 3.6.2 - Request for reexamination
      • 3.6.3 - Determination of issue by Director
      • 3.6.4 - Reexamination order by Director
      • 3.6.5 - Conduct of reexamination proceedings
      • 3.6.6 - Appeal
      • 3.6.7 - Certificate of patentability, unpatentability, and claim cancellation
    • 3.7 - INTER PARTES REVIEW
      • 3.7.1 - Inter partes review
      • 3.7.2 - Petitions
      • 3.7.3 - Preliminary response to petition
      • 3.7.4 - Institution of inter partes review
      • 3.7.5 - Relation to other proceedings or actions
      • 3.7.6 - Conduct of inter partes review
      • 3.7.7 - Settlement
      • 3.7.8 - Decision of the Board
      • 3.7.9 - Appeal
    • 3.8 - POST-GRANT REVIEW
      • 3.8.1 - Post-grant review
      • 3.8.2 - Petitions
      • 3.8.3 - Preliminary response to petition
      • 3.8.4 - Institution of post-grant review
      • 3.8.5 - Relation to other proceedings or actions
      • 3.8.6 - Conduct of post-grant review
      • 3.8.7 - Settlement
      • 3.8.8 - Decision of the Board
      • 3.8.9 - Appeal
  • Chapter Four - PATENT COOPERATION TREATY
    • 4.1 - DEFINITIONS
      • 4.1.1 - Definitions
    • 4.2 - INTERNATIONAL STAGE
      • 4.2.1 - Receiving Office
      • 4.2.2 - International Searching Authority and International Preliminary Examining Authority
      • 4.2.3 - International application designating the United States: Effect
      • 4.2.4 - International stage: Procedure
      • 4.2.5 - Right of priority; benefit of the filing date of a prior application
      • 4.2.6 - Withdrawn international application
      • 4.2.7 - Actions of other authorities: Review
      • 4.2.8 - Secrecy of certain inventions; filing international applications in foreign countries
    • 4.3 - NATIONAL STAGE
      • 4.3.1 - National stage: Commencement
      • 4.3.2 - National stage: Requirements and procedure
      • 4.3.3 - Repealed. Pub. L. 112–274, §1(i), Jan. 14, 2013, 126 Stat. 2457
      • 4.3.4 - Publication of international application
      • 4.3.5 - Patent issued on international application: Effect
      • 4.3.6 - Fees
  • Chapter Five - THE HAGUE AGREEMENT CONCERNING INTERNATIONAL REGISTRATION OF INDUSTRIAL DESIGNS
    • 5.1 - INTERNATIONAL DESIGN APPLICATIONS
      • 5.1.1 - Definitions
      • 5.1.2 - Filing international design applications
      • 5.1.3 - International design application
      • 5.1.4 - Filing date
      • 5.1.5 - Effect of international design application
      • 5.1.6 - Right of priority
      • 5.1.7 - Relief from prescribed time limits
      • 5.1.8 - Withdrawn or abandoned international design application
      • 5.1.9 - Examination of international design application
      • 5.1.10 - Publication of international design application
Introduction
TITLE 35—PATENTS

(Release Point 113-126)

TITLE 35—PATENTS 
This title was enacted by act July 19, 1952, ch. 950, §1, 66 Stat. 792

 

Part

 

Sec.

I.

United States Patent and Trademark Office

1

II.

Patentability of Inventions and Grant of Patents

100

III.

Patents and Protection of Patent Rights

251

IV.

Patent Cooperation Treaty

351

V.

The Hague Agreement Concerning International Registration of Industrial

401 

 

Designs

 

 

AMENDMENTS

2012—Pub. L. 112–211, title I, §101(b), Dec. 18, 2012, 126 Stat. 1531, added item V.

1999—Pub. L. 106–113, div. B, §1000(a)(9) [title IV, §4732(a)(1)], Nov. 29, 1999, 113 Stat. 1536, 1501A–581, substituted "United States Patent and Trademark Office" for "Patent and Trademark Office" in item I.

1984—Pub. L. 98–622, title IV, §403(b), Nov. 8, 1984, 98 Stat. 3392, added item IV.

Title 35

Former Sections

Title 35

New Sections

1

1

2

3

3

2

4

4

5

5

6

6

7

7

10

8

11

31, 32

11a

33

12

22

13

11

14

10

14a

(See former §78)

15

12

16

11(a) 1

17–19

Rep.

20

14

21

21

22

Rep.

23

Rep.

31

101, 102, 161

32

102(d), 119, 172

32a, 32b

Rep.

33

111, 112, 162

34

113, 114

35

115

36

131

37

133, 267

38

Rep.

39

153

40

154

40a–40d

Rep.

41

151

42–42f

Rep.

43

Rep.

44

152

45

266

46

147

47

261

48

Rep.

49

287

50

292

51

132, 135

52

135

53

23

54–56

24

56a

164

57

134

58, 59

Rep.

59a

141; T. 28 §1542

60

142

61

143

62

144

63

145, 146

64

251, 252

65

253

66

291

67

281, 284

68

T. 28 §1498

69

102(g), 282

70

283–286, 290

71

288

72

102, 104

72a

146, 291

73

171

74, 75

289

76

114

77

173

78

12, 13, 41

79

42

80–87

Rep.

88

254

89–96

Elim.

101–108

Elim.

109

104

110–118a

Elim.

119

T. 50 App. §2371

151

181

152

182

153

183

154

184

155

185

156

186

157

187

158

188

159

Rep.

 

CITATION

Section 1 of act July 19, 1952, ch. 950, 66 Stat. 792, provided in part that this title may be cited as "Title 35, United States Code, section —."

SEPARABILITY

Section 3 of act July 19, 1952, ch. 950, 66 Stat. 815, provided that: "If any provision of Title 35, as enacted by section 1 hereof, is declared unconstitutional or is held invalid, the validity of the remainder of this title shall not be affected."

EFFECTIVE DATE; SAVINGS PROVISION

Section 4 of act July 19, 1952, ch. 950, 66 Stat. 815, provided that:

"(a) This Act [enacting this title] shall take effect on January 1, 1953 and shall apply to all applications for patent filed on or after such date and to all patents granted on such applications. It shall apply to further proceedings on applications pending on such date and to patents granted on such applications except as otherwise provided. It shall apply to unexpired patents granted prior to such date except as otherwise provided.

"(b) Section 102(d) of Title 35, as enacted by section 1 hereof, shall not apply to existing patents and pending applications, but the law previously in effect, namely the first paragraph of R. S. 4887 [first paragraph of section 32 of former Title 35], shall apply to such patents and applications.

"(c) Section 119, second paragraph, of Title 35 as enacted by section 1 hereof shall not apply to existing patents.

"(d) The period of one year specified in section 102(b) of Title 35 as enacted by section 1 hereof shall not apply in the case of applications filed before August 5, 1940, and patents granted on such applications, and with respect to such applications and patents, said period is two years instead of one year.

"(e) Nothing contained in Title 35, as enacted by section 1 hereof, shall operate to nullify any judicial finding prior to the effective date of this Act on the validity of any patent by a court of competent jurisdiction.

"(f) Nothing in Title 35, as enacted by section 1 hereof, shall affect any provision of the Atomic Energy Act of 1946 (Aug. 1, 1946, ch. 724, 60 Stat. 755) [§2011 et seq. of Title 42, The Public Health and Welfare].

"(g) The period of one year specified in section 4 of Title 35 as enacted by section 1 hereof shall not apply in the case of applications filed before the effective date of this Act.

"(h) The repeal of sections 1–9, 11, 12 of the Act of Congress approved February 1, 1952 (ch. 4, 66 Stat. 3) [sections 151 to 159 of former Title 35], shall not affect any rights or liabilities existing on the date of approval of this Act [July 19, 1952]. An order of secrecy issued under or in effect under the repealed Act and in effect on the date of approval of this Act, shall be considered as issued under this Act, and any claims arising under the repealed Act or subject to presentation and determination pursuant thereto and unsettled as of the effective date of this Act, may be presented and determined pursuant to the provisions of this Act [this title]."

REPEALS

Section 5 of act July 19, 1952, ch. 950, 66 Stat. 815, repealed the sections or parts of sections of the Revised Statutes or Statutes at Large codified in this Act with the proviso that "Any rights or liabilities now existing under such sections or parts thereof shall not be affected by this repeal."

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